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What is Elmiron(Pentosan Polysulfate)?
A semi-synthetic drug in powder form contained in a hard gelatin capsule. It is similar to heparin, so it has blood-thinning (fibrinolytic and anticoagulant) effects. Its active ingredient and generic name are Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium. This medicine belongs to a class of drugs known as miscellaneous genitourinary tract agents.
What is Elmiron Used For?
This medication is used to treat bladder pain and discomfort felt by patients who have bladder pain syndrome or interstitial cystitis. The mechanism of action is unknown. Researchers believe that it protects the damaged bladder wall by creating a barrier that prevents irritation caused by irritating elements found in the urine. It can be used to treat adults and adolescents who are at least 16 years old.
What Are Elmiron Side Effects?
Like any other medication, this medication has side effects. The following are the common ones:
-Stomach or abdominal pain
Warnings and Interactions of Elmiron
Inform your prescriber about all the medications that you take such as vitamins, herbal supplements, and prescription and over-the-counter medications. Tell your doctor if you have any allergies, or if you are allergic to the components of this medication.
Before taking this medication, you should tell your doctor the following:
-Problems with bleeding (hemophilia) or blood coagulation
-Visual problems or eye damage, especially damage in any part of the retina
-Gastrointestinal problems like ulcers, polyps, and diverticulitis
-Pregnant or planning to be pregnant
-Currently breastfeeding or planning to breastfeed
-Will undergo medical procedure or surgery
Elmiron 100 mg capsule three times daily or every 8 hours is the usual dosage. Should be taken orally with a glass of water, one hour before eating or at least two hours after consuming food and drinks.
This medication will take effect around 3 to 6 months.
Elmiron eye damage
Elmiron maculopathy or macular degeneration is a toxic effect of long-term exposure to Elmiron (Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium).
Elmiron is the only oral medication approved to treat the symptoms (bladder pain and discomfort) of bladder pain syndrome or interstitial cystitis. It has been approved since 1996. Doctors have been prescribing this medication to their patients suffering from the said condition thinking that it has fewer side effects and risks.
Back in 2018, a report revealed that six patients who had been using this medication for more than a decade had developed macular pigment changes. They had trouble reading and took some time in adjusting to the darkness.
This revelation made three ophthalmologists from Kaiser conduct further studies. They discovered that from their entire database of 4.3 million patients, 140 had taken about 5,000 pills of this medication each for more than 15 years. Of that group of patients, 91 underwent examination. The result showed that 22 out of 91 patients showed signs of drug toxicity.
The toxicity rate increased with the amount of this medication consumed. From 11% of those taking 500 to 1,000 grams to 42% of those taking 1,500 grams or more). Patients taking the drug should be tested for retinal damage at least once a year according to the researchers.
How Much Does Elmiron Cost?
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90, 100, 200, 300
The information above is provided by third parties to Prescriptionpoint.com for Elmiron (Pentosan Polysulfate). This information is for general purposes only and is not intended to replace a physician's advice. Always consult with your doctor or a qualified health care professional if you need advice on any medical concerns.